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Tag: polysemy

‘Fire’: Some observations

At the end of class on Tuesday, November 21, we were asked to further investigate the word ‘fire’ as a noun and a verb. I made the following observations during my short investigation:

The fact that ‘fire’ is a noun and a verb can be confirmed by looking at ‘fire’ in the Oxford English Dictionary. Although polysemy is often studied by using Princeton’s WordNet or the various wordnets in other languages (please see my post WordNet and wordnets for more information), it is clear that the dictionary entry in this case gives plenty of detail about the polysemy of the word, as both the entry for ‘fire’ as a verb and the entry for ‘fire’ as a noun contain dozens of different meanings.

I wanted to compare the usage of ‘fire’ as noun and a verb to see which one is used more frequently. I decided to refer to the British National Corpus on Sketch Engine. By looking at the Wordlist feature, I discovered that ‘fire’ appears 17,348 times as a lemma. It appears 14,172 times as a noun and 3,176 times as a verb, showing that it is used far more frequently as a noun.

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